Difference between revisions of "Sacrum"

From Sahaja Yoga Encyclopedia
(Wikipedia extract)
 
(How the Sacrum got its name)
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English ''sacrum'' was introduced as a technical term in anatomy in the mid-18th century, as a shortening of the Late Latin name ''os sacrum'' "sacred bone", itself a translation of Greek ἱερόν ὀστέον, the term found in the writings of Galen. Prior to the adoption of ''sacrum'', the bone was also called ''holy bone'' in English, paralleling German ''heiliges Bein'' or ''Heiligenbein'' (alongside ''Kreuzbein'']) and Dutch ''heiligbeen''.
 
English ''sacrum'' was introduced as a technical term in anatomy in the mid-18th century, as a shortening of the Late Latin name ''os sacrum'' "sacred bone", itself a translation of Greek ἱερόν ὀστέον, the term found in the writings of Galen. Prior to the adoption of ''sacrum'', the bone was also called ''holy bone'' in English, paralleling German ''heiliges Bein'' or ''Heiligenbein'' (alongside ''Kreuzbein'']) and Dutch ''heiligbeen''.
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==How the Sacrum got its name==
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The ''os sacrum'' (sacred bone) was so named by the Romans as a direct translation from the older Greek ''hieron osteon''. Explanations of the attribute "sacred" or "holy" in the past have included misinterpretation of the Greek word ''hieron'', use of the bone in sacrificial rites, the role of the bone in protecting the genitalia (themselves considered sacred), and the necessity for the intactness of this bone as a nidus for resurrection at the Day of Judgment. A more plausible explanation may be that the holiness of the sacral bone was an attribute borrowed from the ancient Egyptians, who considered this bone sacred to Osiris, the god of resurrection and of agriculture.
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[http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3550163  Abstract]

Revision as of 02:22, 6 July 2016

From Wikipedia

English sacrum was introduced as a technical term in anatomy in the mid-18th century, as a shortening of the Late Latin name os sacrum "sacred bone", itself a translation of Greek ἱερόν ὀστέον, the term found in the writings of Galen. Prior to the adoption of sacrum, the bone was also called holy bone in English, paralleling German heiliges Bein or Heiligenbein (alongside Kreuzbein]) and Dutch heiligbeen.


How the Sacrum got its name

The os sacrum (sacred bone) was so named by the Romans as a direct translation from the older Greek hieron osteon. Explanations of the attribute "sacred" or "holy" in the past have included misinterpretation of the Greek word hieron, use of the bone in sacrificial rites, the role of the bone in protecting the genitalia (themselves considered sacred), and the necessity for the intactness of this bone as a nidus for resurrection at the Day of Judgment. A more plausible explanation may be that the holiness of the sacral bone was an attribute borrowed from the ancient Egyptians, who considered this bone sacred to Osiris, the god of resurrection and of agriculture.

Abstract