A 'mini' glossary of Sufi terms (Arabic words unless otherwise noted.)
Awliya – saints. Plural of wali.
Bab – Muslim saint (lit. gate)
Baba – saint (lit. father)
Dargah (darbar) - tomb of a Sufi saint.
Faqir – Sufi disciple
Ghazals - verses (Persian/Urdu)
Gnosis – Wisdom (Greek)
Hadith - the oral tradition of the life and sayings of the Prophet and his companions.
Haj – the pilgrimage to Mecca.
Imam – Muslim leader
Ittihad – union with God.
Lataif - spiritual centres in the subtle body.
Madrasa – traditional Islamic college.
Mathnavi (Masnavi) - lengthy narrative work in verse. (Persian). The best known example is by Rumi.
Mazar – tomb of a Sufi saint.
Murad – Sufi spiritual master
Murid – Sufi disciple
Muraqaba – saint
Murshid – Sufi spiritual master
Nubuwwa – prophecy
Pir – spiritual elder (lit. old man) (Persian)
Qasida (qasideh) – a form of rhythmic poetry, originally in Arabic, and developed further in Persian.
Qawwali – performance of Sufi songs
Quatrain – a poem of four lines. (Persian)
Qur'an – the sacred scripture of Islam.
Ribat - Sufi building
Ruh – Spirit
Sama – Sufi ecstatic event
Sawiya – Sufi building
Sharia – Islamic law
Shaykh (Shaikh) – Arabic word for elder. In Sufism the term refers to a spiritual mentor or guide.
Shaykha – feminine form of shaykh
Shi’a – branch of Islam descended from Ali.
Shruiks – verses (Kashmiri)
Sura – chapter of the Qur’an.
Tafsir – commentary on the Qur’an.
Tariqa – A Sui order (lit. a path)
Tasawwuf – Sufi practice and discipline.
Tawhid – divine unity
Tekke – Sufi buildings. (Turkish)
Ulama (‘alim) – orthodox clerics, lawyers.
Umma – the Muslim community.
Wali – Sufi saint (lit. friend)
Wilayat – Muslim sainthood
Zawiya – Sufi building
Ziyarat – pilgrimage (lit. visit) to a Sufi dargah.
[from Sahaja Studies]